Myopia (more commonly known as nearsightedness) is the most common refractive error. It causes difficulty seeing things from afar, while your close-range vision remains sharp. Having myopia can also increase your risk of developing other eye conditions.
Park Slope Eye, your trusted family eye care clinic, talks about some eyesight irregularities that are related to myopia.
Cataracts often develop as part of the natural aging process. That said, they can be more common among people with myopia. A recent study showed that patients with high myopia developed cataracts earlier than those who had no refractive errors. Additionally, visual improvements following cataract surgery among highly nearsighted individuals were not as good as among those without myopia.
In addition, an Australian study that involved 3,600 adults between the ages of 49 to 97 found that the risk of developing cataracts increased as their myopia progressed. Your eye care specialist shares that the odds of developing cataracts were twice as high among subjects with severe nearsightedness than those who only had low myopia.
In the same Australian study, results revealed that signs of glaucoma were found in 4.2% of the subjects who had mild myopia. Those who had moderate to high nearsightedness, on the other hand, had a 4.4% risk of developing glaucoma, while individuals with normal visual acuity only had a 1.5% risk of developing glaucoma. The researchers concluded that nearsighted subjects two- to three-times higher risk of developing glaucoma than participants who did not have myopia.
A Chinese study found similar results. Glaucoma risk was higher among those with severe myopia. Your eye doctor explains that among the adult participants who were 40 years of age and older, those who were nearsighted had more than twice the risk of developing glaucoma, compared to the subjects with moderate myopia. They also had three times the risk of developing glaucoma than individuals with mild nearsightedness.
Having regular eye exams and managing myopia early on can help lower your risk of developing these conditions. Complete our form and schedule an appointment to learn about our myopia control options. We serve Brooklyn, NY, and nearby areas.